Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the breast is considered a rare entity, and for this reason there are no data from prospective clinical trials on its optimal management. Early stage tumors are usually treated with the same strategy used for the other types of invasive breast cancer. Anthracycline- and taxane-based regimens represent the most frequently administered chemotherapy in neoadjuvant and adjuvant setting, as well as for metastatic disease, although combinations of platinum compounds and etoposide have been widely used, in particular for small-cell histology and tumors with a high proliferation index.
Breasts are what makes a woman, a woman! Be it in our ancient sculptures or modern poetry, a feminine beauty has always been described as the one having perfectly shaped breasts. However, not everyone is blessed with such big, good-sized breasts!
Depression is a major mental disorder, and is currently recognized as the second-leading cause of disability worldwide. However, the therapeutic effect of antidepressants remains unsatisfactory. For centuries, Chinese herbal formulas CHFs have been widely used in the treatment of depression, achieving better therapeutic effects than placebo and having fewer side effects than conventional antidepressants.
Testosterone is the primary male sex hormone and an anabolic steroid. In male humans, testosterone plays a key role in the development of male reproductive tissues such as testes and prostateas well as promoting secondary sexual characteristics such as increased muscle and bone mass, and the growth of body hair. Testosterone is a steroid from the androstane class containing a keto and hydroxyl groups at the three and seventeen positions respectively.
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Breast cancer is cancer that develops from breast tissue. Risk factors for developing breast cancer include being female, obesitylack of physical exercise, drinking alcoholhormone replacement therapy during menopauseionizing radiationearly age at first menstruationhaving children late or not at all, older age, prior history of breast cancer, and family history. The balance of benefits versus harms of breast cancer screening is controversial.
Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in women all over the world. Despite advanced treatment modalities, the systemic toxicity remains a major side effect resulting into patient morbidity and mortality. Recently, natural products are being targeted for drug discovery because of their major role in cancer prevention and treatment. Plants have been the main source of natural compounds that are being used in medicine.
Breast cancer is a life-threatening disease among women worldwide with annual rates of reported incidence and death increasing alarmingly. Chemotherapy is a recommended and effective treatment option for breast cancer; however, the narrow therapeutic indices and varied side effects of currently approved drugs present major hurdles in increasing its effectiveness. An increasing number of literature evidence indicate that complementary and alternative medicine CAM used in treatment-related symptom control and alleviation of side effects plays an important role in increasing survival rate and quality of life in breast cancer patients.
Et Zucc. The body weight, dietary, water intake, organs liver, thymus, and spleen weight, completed blood count, and cytokines tumor necrosis factor alpha, interferon gamma, and interleukin-2 production was measured. HCE increased liver, spleen, and thymus weights without altering numbers of white blood cells, lymphocytes, and neutrophils in a cyclophosphamide-induced immunosuppression rat model.