The Asian elephant Elephas maximusalso called Asiatic elephantis the only living species of the genus Elephas and is distributed throughout the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asiafrom India in the west, Nepal in the north, Sumatra in the south, and to Borneo in the east. Three subspecies are recognised— E. The Asian elephant is the largest living land animal in Asia.
Their big bodies require a lot of fuel and care in order to thrive. Amazingly, though, all kinds of elephants have developed behavioral adaptations over time that help them survive even in hostile environments. Asian elephant adaptations include cooling mechanisms with their trunks and ears, growing up to six new set of teeth over a lifetime and communicating via vibrations to compensate for poor eyesight.
In the Disney movie, Dumbo the flying elephant is a particularly shy, mischievous animal. A paper published in Royal Society Open Science earlier this month shows that elephant personality can be described according to three distinct traits: attentiveness, sociability, and aggressiveness. Between andresearchers from the University of Turku in Finland studied semi-captive elephants who work logging timber in Myanmar meaning their study was focused only on Asian, rather than African, elephants.
Historically, Elephas maximus had a geographic range of 9 million square kilometers across a large part of Asia. This range extended as far west as current day Iraq, as far north as the Yangtze River in China, and across the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia, including the islands of Sri Lanka and Sumatra Indonesia. This range consists of small discontinuous areas in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia. Choudhary, et al.
All rights reserved. As the world's largest land mammal, elephants have quite the commanding presence. But did you know elephants can't jump?
All rights reserved. The short list of animals that console stressed-out friends just got longer … and heavier. Asian elephantslike great apes, dogs, certain corvids the bird group that includes ravensand us, have now been shown to recognize when a herd mate is upset and to offer gentle caresses and chirps of sympathy, according to a study published February 18 in the online journal PeerJ.
African and Asian elephants are two distinct species, which belong to separate genera. They are generally similar in size, appearance, physiology, and social behavior Eltringham ; McKay The African elephant is the largest land mammal with the Asian elephant coming in as a close second.
Here, I review long-term population studies, most based on individual elephants, to show the wealth of detailed mechanisms that such studies can reveal. This review is biased toward African savanna elephants, a reflection of existing long-term studies on elephants worldwide. Besides life histories, there are 2 aspects of elephant biology that are illuminated by long-term field studies not necessarily those based on individual elephants.
Elephants have been revered for centuries in Asia, playing an important role in the continent's culture and religion. They are also play a critical role in maintaining the region's forests. But their habitat is shrinking and Asian elephants are now endangered.
Maintaining adequate welfare in captive elephants is challenging. Few studies have investigated overnight rest behavior in zoo elephants, yet time spent resting has been identified as a welfare indicator in some species. We investigated resting behavior in Asian elephants Elephas maximus in UK zoos, with the aim of identifying patterns or preferences in lying rest. Details of standing SR and lying LR rest behavior were identified by observing video footage of inside enclosures collected for 14 elephants 2 male, 12 female housed at three UK zoos Zoo A: 18 nights; Zoo B: 27 nights; Zoo C: 46 nights from to approximately.